Journal of Marine Sciences ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 43-52.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-909X.2016.02.006

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The application of an integrated geophysical prospecting system to underwater archeology——An example from Chuan Island, Guangdong Province

MA Yong1,2, LI Jia-biao2, WU Zi-yin*2, GAO Shu1, ZHAO Di-neng2,3 , CUI Yong4, LI Shou-jun2   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China;
    2. Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA, Hangzhou 310012, China;
    3. Department of Geology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China;
    4. Institute of Archaeology, Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510075, China
  • Received:2015-11-23 Revised:2016-05-20 Online:2016-06-15 Published:2022-11-24

Abstract: Underwater archeology is a new research field in China. In China's coastal waters, there exist a large number of sunken ships along the ancient “Maritime Silk Road”. Recently, underwater archeology has become an active research for the coastal provinces. As such, it is necessary to establish an appropriate survey procedure, using high precision marine geophysical prospecting equipments, e.g., the multibeam sounding system, shallow seismic profiler, side scan sonar, magnetometer, and even ROV systems. In the present contribution, we report the basic procedures adopted for underwater archeological survey over the Chuan Island sea area, Guangdong Province, together with a preliminary description of some new archeological findings. Chuan Island is an important mooring place associated with the ancient “Maritime Silk Road”. Using the multibeam bathymetry system and the side scan sonar, some relict pieces of ancient porcelain in Qing Dynasty, as well as some iron cannons, have been found in the coastal waters of Mud Bay, Datie Bay and Wuzhuzhou Island. The discovery of underwater cultural relic in Chuan Island can promote the activity on the cultural relic investigation along the ancient “Maritime Silk Road”, and the underwater archeology can also gained more attention.

Key words: underwater archaeology, marine geophysical prospecting, Maritime Silk Road, Chuan Island waters

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