Journal of Marine Sciences ›› 2022, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 49-61.DOI: 10.3969-j.issn.1001-909X.2022.03.005

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Climatic and environmental changes over the last 1 000 years as recorded by the sediments in Beibu Gulf


  • Online:2022-09-15 Published:2022-09-15

Abstract: Climate reconstructions for the last millennium are essential for understanding climate change and will provide an important basis for predicting future climate change. However, there are spatial differences in monsoonal precipitation, and the hydrothermal configurations of two important characteristic periods of the past millennium, the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age, are highly controversial, especially in southern China. Therefore, the Core BBG-02 taken from the northeastern Beibu Gulf were analyzed for chronology, grain size, major elements and trace elements to understand the physical source of the Core BBG-02 and the climate and environmental changes in its source area. The analysis of chondrite-normalized distribution patterns of rare earth element and geochemical indicators reveal that the Red River may be the main source of the Core BBG-02, and the changes in geochemical indicators of the core reflect changes in the intensity of Indian Summer Monsoon. The results indicate that the climate was warm and humid during the Medieval Warm Period and cold and arid during the Little Ice Age, which is consistent with the results of previous studies on the variation of Indian Summer Monsoon and precipitation. The variation of solar radiation intensity is the essential reason of the variation of Indian Summer Monsoon, which is also influenced by ENSO activity and Indian Ocean Dipole.

Key words: Beibu Gulf, Mediaeval Warm Period, Little Ice Age, rare earth elements, sediment sources

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