Journal of Marine Sciences ›› 2022, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 83-92.DOI: 10.3969-j.issn.1001-909X.2022.02.009

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Distributional characteristics and influencing factors of storm surge in Haikou


  1. Haikou Marine Environment Monitoring Center Station of State Oceanic Administration, Haikou 570100, China
  • Online:2022-06-15 Published:2022-06-15

Abstract: Based on the measured water level data of Xiuying Station from 1980 to 2017, the distributional characteristics and influencing factors of storm surge in Haikou were studied by using the methods of statistical analysis and numerical model. It is found that Haikou is frequently affected by typhoon storm surge, with an annual average of 2.79 times, which usually occurs from July to October, and the probability of tidal disaster caused by storm surge is high. The horizontal distribution of storm surge shows that the storm surge intensity of Dongzhai Port ranks first, followed by Xiuying Port, Haidian Island and South Port. Influencing factors show that the weight of topography is usually greater than the moving path of tropical cyclone storm surge in Haikou; when the moving speed of tropical cyclone is 14-19 km/h, the storm surge in Haikou is usually the largest.

Key words: storm surge, distributional characteristics, influencing factor, weight

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