Journal of Marine Sciences ›› 2022, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 1-10.DOI: 10.3969j.issn.1001-909X.2022.04.001

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Distribution, movement and generation mechanism of the mesoscale eddy around the Kuroshio in the East China Sea

LI Zhichao1,2, GUO Junru1,2, SONG Jun*1,2, BAI Zhipeng3, FU Yanzhao1,2, CAI Yu1,2, WANG Xifeng1,2   

  1. 1. School of Marine Technology and Environment, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China;
    2. Operational Oceanographic Institution, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China;
    3. 61741 Troop, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2022-02-17 Online:2022-12-15 Published:2023-02-09

Abstract: In order to explore the distribution, formation mechanism and motion law of eddy around Kuroshio in East China Sea, firstly, the eddy distribution around the Kuroshio in the East China Sea during the past 27 years was analyzed by using the mesoscale eddy data set of the AVISO(Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic Data). The results show that there are 650 eddies generated in the meander of the Kuroshio, and 271 eddies in the middle part of the Kuroshio. The diameters of the most these eddies were between 100 to 150 km, and the amplitudes were between 2 to 6 cm. Secondly, the motion path and eddy motion process of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea are also analyzed. The results show these the cyclonic eddies are easy to be generated in the inner side of the Kuroshio cyclonic bend, with a long path. For example, at the cyclone bend of the Kuroshio axis in the northeast of Taiwan, the average length of the path was 87.6 km. Otherwise, when these anticyclonic eddies are generated, these eddies usually are wandered. In the middle part of the Kuroshio, the eddy showed the polar symmetric distribution characteristics of these cyclonic eddies in the west side of the Kuroshio main axis and these anticyclonic eddies in the east side of the Kuroshio main axis. Both types of eddies moved northeastward along the Kuroshio main axis. Finally, combined with reanalysis data sets of ocean current and sea surface height, the eddy motion law and generation mechanism were discussed. It is concluded that these eddies generation at the curve of the Kuroshio are related to the separation of the boundary layer of the Kuroshio fluid. The Kuroshio countercurrent from the south of Yanmei Island to the west of Okinawa Island played a key role in the polar symmetric distribution of these eddies in the middle part of the Kuroshio. These eddies usually experience three stages of growth, maturation and decay in the process of movement.

Key words: the Kuroshio in the East China Sea, mesoscale eddy, mesoscale eddy distribution, motion law, generation mechanism

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