Journal of Marine Sciences ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 84-92.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-909X.2016.01.011

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Study on nutrient fluxes of sediment-water interface in cage culture zone of large yellow croaker Pseudosciaena crocea in Xiangshan Bay

LIAO Hong-fang1,2,3, ZHENG Zhong-ming*1,3, REGAN Nicholaus1,3, ZHU Jin-yong1,3   

  1. 1. School of Marine Sciences, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China;
    2. The First Middle School of Linwu, Chenzhou 424300, China;
    3. Collaborative Innovation Center for Zhejiang Marine High-efficiency and Healthy Aquaculture, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2014-11-05 Revised:2015-12-08 Online:2016-03-15 Published:2022-11-24

Abstract: Undisturbed sediment samples were collected from the cage culture zone and nearby of large yellow croaker' farm in Xiangshan Bay in May, Aug. and Nov. of 2013. Total organic nitrogen (TON), total organic carbon (TOC) and total phosphorus (TP) in the sediments were determined. A simulated experiment was conducted to study the sediment oxygen consumption (SOCs) rates and nutrients(NH+4、NO-2+NO-3、PO3-4) fluxes between water column and sediments. TON and TP values of sediment in cage-zone(YZ) are generally significantly higher than those in stations of 50 m away (F1) and 100 m away (F2) (P<0.05). The sediments release NH+4 to the overlying water where as they takes up NO-2+NO-3 and PO3-4. Benthic fluxes show that intensive seasonal variations and the release of NH+4and PO3- 4reach peak values in August, which response to increased organic input due to the yellow croaker farming. The nutrient concentration in water changes with benthic nutrient fluxes among seasons. The results obtained in this study imply that the ongoing aquaculture activities have led to sediment organic pollution at certain extent and the polluted sediment could affect the benthic nutrient fluxes, which might cause the redistribution of nutrients in water column.

Key words: fish farming, yellow croaker, sediment, nutrient flux, Xiangshan Bay

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